Fox business cleavage

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Thousands of years of history provide evidence of the differing fashions, cultural norms, and artistic depictions regarding cleavage and clothes that accentuate or flaunt cleavage. In BC, princess Nofret of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt was depicted wearing a V-neck gown with a plunging neckline that exposed ample cleavage that was further emphasized by an elaborate necklace and prominently protruding nipples. In ancient Minoan culture , women wore clothes that complemented slim waists and full breasts. One of the better-known features of ancient Minoan fashion is breast exposure; women wore tops that could be arranged to completely cover or expose their breasts, with bodices to accentuate their cleavage.

Ancient Greek women adorned their cleavage with a long pendant necklace called a kathema. Among these mamillare was a particularly strict leather corset for suppressing women with big busts. Wearing a garment to support the breasts may date back to ancient Greece.

Raba circa 5th century and Nathan the Babylonian circa 2nd century measured the appropriate size of the cleavage as "of one hand-breadth between a woman's breasts". This was not cleavage shown, but rather, cleavage larger than a hand-breadth was considered to be a birth defect. Tzniut prohibits any cleavage from showing.

According to Islamic exegesis , women of pre-Islamic jahiliyyah ignorance era often wore clothes that exposed their neck, shoulders and upper part of their bosoms to draw attention to their beauty. Imru' al-Qais , the most well known of pre-Islamic Arab poets, wrote in Mu'allaqat , a set of seven poems, "Their vests openings are wide above their delicate breasts" and "her breast as smooth and shining as mirrors" translation by Paul Smith, The seven Golden Odes of Arabia; the Mu'allaqat , New Humanity Books, Until the 12th century, the Christian West was still not cleavage friendly.

But, beginning in France, a change in attitude started to appear by the 14th century, [33] when necklines were lowered, clothes were tightened and breasts were once again flaunted. Women started squeezing the breasts and applying make up to make their cleavage more attractive; [36] cleavage was termed the "smile of the bustline" by contemporaneous Belgian chronicler Jean Froissart.

Contemporaneous poet Eustache Deschamps advised "a wide-open neckline and a tight dress with slits through which the breasts and the throat could be more visible". Sewing two pouches into one's dress "into which the breasts are squeezed so that the nipples arc thrust upwards" was suggested as well. The French Catholic Church, however, tried to discourage the flaunting of cleavage. It mandated the cleavage, which it referred to as "the gates of hell", and the opening on woman's bodices be laced. French priest Oliver Maillard said women who exposed their breasts would be "strung up in hell by their utters".

It was common for women in his court to wear bodices through which their breasts, cleavage and nipples could be seen. Gowns that exposed a woman's neck and the top of her chest were very common and uncontroversial in Europe from at least the 11th century until the midth century. Fragments of linen textiles found at Lengberg Castle in East Tyrol in Austria dated to between and are believed to have been bras. Two of them had cups made from two pieces of linen sewn with fabric that extended to the bottom of the torso with a row of six eyelets for fastening with a lace or string.

One had two shoulder straps and was decorated with lace in the cleavage. In the later 19th century, clothing deers began experimenting with alternatives, splitting the corset into multiple parts: a girdle -like restraining device for the lower torso, and devices that suspended the breasts from the shoulder to the upper torso.

In midth-century Turkey, during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent , respectability regulations allowed "respectable" women to wear fashionable dresses with exposed cleavage; this privilege was denied to "prostitutes" so they cannot draw attention to their livelihoods. In 16th-century India, during the Mughal Empire , Hindu women started emulating the overdressed conquerors by covering their shoulders and breasts, [57] though in contemporaneous paintings, women of Mughal palaces were often portrayed wearing Rajput -style cholis [58] and breast jewelry.

In European societies during the 16th century, women's fashions with exposed breasts were common across the class spectrum. Anne of Brittany has been painted wearing a dress with a square neckline. Architect Inigo Jones deed a masque costume for Henrietta Maria that widely revealed both of her breasts. Throughout the 16th century, shoulder straps stayed on the shoulders but as the 17th century progressed, they moved down the shoulders and across the top of the arms, and by midth century, the oval neckline of the period became commonplace.

By the end of the century, necklines at the front of women's garments started to drop even lower. Around , flat collars started replacing neck trims, allowing provocative cleavage that was sometimes covered with a handkerchief. Cleavage was not without controversy. In , British newspaper The Guardian complained about women mostly eschewing the tucker, and letting their necks and the tops of their breasts remain uncovered.

Publications advised women against "unmasking their beauties". During the French Enlightenment , there was a debate about whether female breasts were merely a sensual enticement or a natural gift to be offered from mother to child. By the end of 18th century in Continental Europe , cleavage-enhancing corsets grew more dramatic, pushing the breasts upward.

During the Victorian period of the mid-to-late 19th century, social attitudes required women to cover their bosoms in public. High collars were the norm for ordinary wear. The controversy was so great Sargent reworked the painting to move the shoulder strap from her upper arm to her shoulder. Sargent left Paris for London in By , necklines of evening attire were lowered, exposing the shoulders, sometimes without straps but the neckline still ended above the cleavage.

In the German Empire , Roman Catholic bishops issued a pastoral letter attacking the new fashions. The word " cleavage " was first used in early 19th century in geology and mineralogy to mean the tendency of crystals, minerals and rocks to split along definite planes.

By the midth century, it was generally used to mean splitting along a line of division into two or more parts. The Flapper generation of s flattened their chests to adopt the fashionable "boy-girl" look by either bandaging their breasts or by using bust flatteners. With a return to more womanly figures in the s, corsetry maintained a strong demand, even at the height of the Great Depression. Male cleavage also known as "heavage" , a result of low necklines or unbuttoned shirts, has been a movie trend since s. Low-cut styles of various depths were common.

The breasts were the apples of all eyes. In the s, Joseph Breen , head of the U. Development of the underwire bra started in the s, [] though it did not gain widespread popularity until the s, when the end of World War II freed metal for domestic use. Contrary to many media reports afterward, Russell did not wear the bra during filming; according to her autobiography, she said the bra was so uncomfortable that she secretly discarded it.

To prevent Hughes from noticing, Russell padded the cups with tissue and tightened the shoulder straps before returning to the set. She later said "I never wore it in The Outlaw , and he never knew. I just told him I did. Margaret Lockwood became one of the biggest star of British films in s as audiences were scandalized by her decolletage that was quite mild by later standards.

According to an urban American woman, during the s, "At night our shoulders were naked, our breasts half-bare". Despite these developments, open presentation of cleavage was mostly limited to well-endowed female actors like Lana Turner , Marilyn Monroe who was attributed with the revealation America's "mammary madness" by journalist Marjorie Rosen [] , Rita Hayworth , Jane Russell , Brigitte Bardot , Jayne Mansfield and Sophia Loren , who were as celebrated for their cleavage as for their beauty.

While these movie stars ificantly influenced the appearance of women's busts in this decade, the stylish s sweaters were a safer substitute for many women. Modern augmentation mammaplasty began when Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow developed the first silicone gel -filled breast prosthesis with Dow Corning Corporation , and the first implanting operation took place the following year.

Legs were comparatively less emphasized as elements of beauty. In the s, driven by second-wave feminism , liberal politics and the free love movement, a bra burning movement arose to protest against—among various patriarchal imperatives—constructed cleavage and disciplined breasts. Yves Saint Laurent and U. In fall and Sping the Western fashion trends were dominated by plunging necklines, while the movie goers were charmed by movies like Tom Jones that portrayed "aggressive cleavages".

Lingerie and shapewear manfucturers like Warner Brothers, Gossard , Formfit , and Bali took the opportunity to market plunge bras. The aesthetic of male cleavage continued into the s and s with movie stars like Marlon Brando , who also displayed his chest in The Adventures of Robin Hood , and Sean Connery in his many James Bond movies. The fashion tapered out since s, which according to fashion historian Robert Bryan, was "the golden age of male chest hair", epitomized by John Travolta in Saturday Night Fever In the early s, it became common to leave top buttons on shirts and blouses open to display pectoral muscles and cleavage.

Throughout the s, more men unbuttoned their shirts as both men and women took an anti-fashion approach to clothing and the rise of the leisure wear, and adopted comfortable, unisex styles. Soon, Westwood introduced an elastic-sided variant that worked as a balcony to push up the cleavage. The push-up bra and exaggerated cleavage became popular in the s.

Lingerie manufacturers controlled and constructed the mandatory bustline of s. Other lingerie manufacturers like Frederick's of Hollywood and Agent Provocateur also ed the competition by that time, [] with the former introducing a de called Hollywood Extreme Cleavage Bra that helped give the impression of a spherical cleavage like augmented breasts that was popularized by stars like Pamela Anderson. In the lateth-century India, cleavage became a staple point of attraction in Bollywood movies.

According to fashion historian Valerie Steele , "The corset did not so much disappear as become internalised through diet, exercise and plastic surgery". By the turn of the 21st century, some of the attention given to cleavage and breasts started to shift to buttocks, especially in the media, [] while corsetry returned to mainstream fashion. In , Armand Limnander wrote in The New York Times the " underboob" also known as "bottom cleavage" and "reverse cleavage" [] [] was "a newly fetishized anatomical zone where the lower part of the breast meets the torso, popularized by 80s rock chicks in cutoff tank tops".

Man cleavage came back into style in the s, especially among hipsters and Hispanic and Latino Americans. In the s and early s, particularly during the COVID lockdowns , cleavage-enhancing bras began to decline in popularity. Jess Cartner-Morley , fashion editor of The Guardian , reported in many women were dressing without bras, producing a less-dramatic cleavage, which she called "quiet cleavage".

Despite a long history, display of cleavage can still be controversial. As late as the s, reports from Langley, British Columbia , Shreveport, Louisiana , Louisville, Kentucky , Reno, Nevada , Rockford, Illinois , Houston, Texas , Thunder Bay, Canada , Kerikeri, New Zealand and elsewhere showed female students, especially non-white students, had been expelled and banned from schools, and punished for wearing dresses that reveal cleavage and legs.

Public display of sideboob and underboob are legally regulated in some U. Redirected from History of the cleavage. Ancient cleavage. Minoan snake goddess 17th century BC. The royal connection. Anne of Austria , Queen of France, was an early 17th century fashion icon wearing dresses that showcased her cleavage [38] [39]. A tale of two paintings. Detail of Portrait of Madame X by John Singer Sargent , whose cleavage caused enough controversy for Sargent to re-paint and make the cleavage less daring. Cleavage in the East. Empress Nur Jahan of the Mughal Empire.

Rajput painting of Chitrashala Dancer from Bundi circa s showing exposed underboob , which remained banned by laws and policies as late as in places from the US to Thailand [68] [69] [70] [71]. The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this section , discuss the issue on the talk , or create a new section, as appropriate. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Cleavage in the West. Detail of Das Korsett by William Hogarth , which is also seen as an commentary on male intrusion [87]. Movie connection. She once said, "The trouble with censors is that they worry if a girl has cleavage. They ought to worry if she hasn't any. The unbuttoned s. Italian actors Claudia Marsani , on the left, and Alessandro Momo , on the right, sporting the unbuttoned shirt look popular in the western world in s.

Drivers of trend. Victoria's Secret Corsets then and now. Other "cleavages". Bollywood actress Alia Bhatt wearing a sideboob gown. Cosplayer dressing as Yoko Littner in an underboob bikini top. Her pale yellow face is framed by a heavy two-part wig softened by a charming floral diadem.

Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 31 January Paris: Paul Ollendorf. Mataura En New Zealand November 11, ". Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 12 November Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. ISBN Re-Wiring The Ancient Novel. Victorian and Edwardian Fashion. A Photographic Survey.

The Naked Woman. A Study of the Female Body , p. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, Willett and Cunnington, Phillis E.

Fox business cleavage

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